Kudos to North Dakota DOT
Here is an excerpt from the North Dakota DOT Rules of the Road book which is used in drivers' education and as preparation for testing for a driver's permit/license. They have included a fairly comprehensive section on safely sharing the road with bicycles. Please note that this is a DOT publication NOT state statute, so the wording does not precisely match the law and blends regulations with tips and suggestions.
SHARING THE ROAD WITH BICYCLES
Bicyclists are required to follow the same road rules as motorists. This is important because
it establishes clear expectations for bicyclists as well as motorists. However, bicyclists
generally travel at slower speeds than motorists which can create special considerations for
sharing the road safely.
• Remember to reduce speed when encountering bicyclists.
• Bicyclists shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as feasible, but may take the
entire lane when hazards, road width, or traffic speed dictate. Recognize situations that
may be potentially dangerous to bicyclists and give them space.
• When passing, maintain a safe operating distance between your car and a bicyclist. Pass
a bicyclist only when road and traffic conditions dictate that it is safe to do so. Check
over your shoulder after passing a bicyclist and before moving back to normal position.
In inclement weather, give bicyclists extra room.
• Scan for bicyclists in traffic, particularly at intersections. Most crashes involving a motor
vehicle and a bicyclist occur at intersections. Allow bicyclists extra time to cross intersections.
• When turning right, check your blind spot for bicyclists before initiating the turn. Motorists turning left must yield to bicyclists who are approaching from the opposite direction.
• Children on bicycles are often unpredictable and may not have adequate knowledge of
traffic laws. Children may be harder to see because they are typically smaller than adults..
So, expect the unexpected and slow down!