Okay guys, bear with me or skip this thread if I'm going too fundamental but I'm in the learning stages. I've pretty much decided that for my first major bike purchase I'm going to get a Surly Cross Check frame and build up the parts. But I'm left to wonder, before I start researching the best components to use... what are the parts of a bike? What all do I have to select. I've seen a bunch of stuff mentioned: derailer, chainstays, headset, cranks... but I'm very new to what all these are AND what parts I haven't heard mentioned but are needed for a build.
I totally appreciate any info people can pass on... even if it's just saying "GO READ XXXXXXX BOOK"