My bottom bracket worked itself out about 4mm today on my ride towards the drive side of my bike. I screwed it back in but wonder what caused it to do so? It does not feel as if the bearings are going bad. I took the chain off and spun the crank while holding the seat tube and I felt no grinding or anything to indicate the bearings were going bad.
However, I was doing intervals today and pushing hard and I may not be able to duplicate the stress I put on it by having it on the stand.
I don't understand why they make bbs without lockrings. I can't answer your question DK, but I can say that if you had a lockring this probably wouldn't be a problem for you. I'm not sure that its advancement to have newfangled cups that you can't lock down.
A lockring on the non-driveside/adjustable cup of a traditional BB is necessary because it is not cinched down, rather it must be screwed in just the right amount for the bearings. Bearing tightness in cartridge BBs are not adjustable by the cups, so there's no need for a lockring. Drive-side cups have no lockring--both traditional and cartridge.