Join Date: May 2004
Location: Wilmington, DE
Bikes: 2016 Hong Fu FM-079-F, 1984 Trek 660, 2003 Specialized Hardrock, 2004 LOOK KG386i (RIP), 2005 Iron Horse Warrior Expert, 2009 Pedal Force CX1, 2016 Islabikes Beinn 20 (son's)
Mentioned: 6 Post(s)
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The new spindle length will depend on what bike the crank came off and what it's going on to. You want the chainline to be correct for the new bike. If you are swapping it from one road bike to another (unlikely given the 73mm shell dimension), no change in spindle length should be needed. Same applies for MTB to MTB. If it's going from a road bike to a MTB, you'll want to account for the difference in chainline which will be between 2.5 and 5mm according to Sheldon Brown.
Assuming you want to move the crank outwards by 2.5mm, you'll need a spindle that's 2.5mm longer on the drive side. According to what I've read (I need to measure for myself some day), most square taper bottom brackets are asymmetrical. Assuming that's the case, you'll want a 115mm BB to get close to the ideal chainline. If the bike has a larger diameter seat tube (aluminum frame), you'll probably want to go with a 118mm BB to move the chainline out a full 5mm.