More and more people that I know start to bike. Instead of going to a gym for practicing, biking provide a more colorful and enjoying activity with friends and with family.
But people adopt this sport activity not only for social adventure and experience, but also for the benefits in terms of health. Biking is perceived by many as a healthy sport activity, and is recommended by family therapist for adults, as well as for youngsters.
There are lots of researches’ conclusions that biking (or cycling) is most suitable for improving health of the population. Specifically biking is most used for people that want and need to improve their cardiovascular performance. Also is reported that biking has positive affect for people with arthritis at their legs. This is under the assumption that the harm to the knees is minor. However, massive and extreme cycling can harm one’s knees. On the other hand, when used correctly, cycling can contribute to injured knee rehabilitation.
This is done specifically by using stationary bikes, in controlled training programs. Avoiding damages to the knees needs certain care as to correct adjustments of the bike and its saddles to the rider, proper selection of a gear, and adjustments of the handles bars. Need to achieve a relaxed and easy position on the bike. A proper seat is also important for relaxation, and for avoiding damage to the urogenital area of the rider.
Cycling lacks a major need, specifically for adult people. Since cycling has nothing to do with weight lifting or pushing, it does not contribute to bone density, which is most needed for adult population.
Another aspect of cycling and health is avoiding injuries. Aspect of possible knee damage was already mentioned above. Yet, injuries do need special attention. Appropriate safety equipment need to be used to reduce possibility of injuries. Special accessories and dedicated apparel can help protecting our body in the event of accidents, falls and so on. Most important is to provide adequate protection to the head by a helmet. A good helmet can be the distinction between regular injury and a deadly one.
I would summarize with a general advice: do not exaggerate. No need for extreme activity. Keep length of ride and frequency of ride sessions in normal orders, relative to your capabilities. Follow your senses and do not push your body to extreme limits.
The author owns B.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering M.Sc. degree in Interdisciplinary Engineering, and an MBA degree.