Rans Enduro Sport, Hase Kettweisel Tandem, Merin Bear Valley beater bike
The bottom line is: Of course this could happen in the US. It probably would have been combined as a counter suit in the wrongful death case.
Now I'm curious about the details of the case. What really happened and what damage could the cyclist have done that caused $30,000 damage to the Audi? While the whole thing sounds goofy to me that doesn't mean that cyclist might not have been negligent enough to have caused the accident.
1940s Fothergill, 1959 Allegro Special, 1963? Claud Butler Olympic Sprint, Lambert 'Clubman', 1974 Fuji "the Ace", 1976 Holdsworth 650b conversion rando bike, 1983 Trek 720 tourer, 1984 Counterpoint Opus II, 1993 Basso Gap, 2010 Downtube 8h, and...
I dunno if it could happen in the US; depends on a lot of legal stuff I don't know. There are big differences, though. In Europe it's common for a driver to run down a dog, kill the dog, and then sue the dog owner for damages. Does that happen in the US?