No, you need a 1" fork and headset, though both threaded and threadless are easy to find in this size. There are metric craptons of threads about which one is better and why, threaded is period correct and some people like the look, threadless is generally slightly easier to deal with and performs slightly better on a level I promise you'll never care about. If you don't have the fork you're going to need a shop or an experienced friend to get one that fits. Don't buy the headset until you have the fork.
The only thing that can be shimmed in the headset/stem system is a threadless stem, 1 1/8" stems are way more common so it's normal to use one of those and a shim on a 1" threadless steerer. This works perfectly fine and doesn't look ghetto at all.