You might be interested in a page I have online about taking bikes on trains in a few European countries (Germany, Austria, Czech Republic). I haven't updated it in a while, but there is still some useful info there. (It's on my to-do list to update it.)
china....and with something like 70,000 km of rail, you gots plenty
of places to visit.
the regular services often have baggage cars, transport unboxed for small fee,
usually around $10. caution! many stops along the line are only for a few minutes,
don't allow access to baggage car. check schedules. you can drop off a few days
before your train, and pick up a few days after arrival.
some lines without baggage cars provide van service along the route. otherwise,
you can usually take your bike with you as carry-on baggage. store your
bike in either of the two end sections of the cars, where they have doors open
to the platforms (only one door will open on the entire journey).
as far as i know, high-speed trains don't have baggage cars. it is possible (on some
routes) to take a boxed box if the dimensions L+W+H is less than 130cm, or a
With GREECE it's a hit and miss situation since there are no official laws regarding bicycles.
Inner city metros and trams are allowed to have two bicycles in the rear compartment of the last carriage. During rush hour people usually won't allow you to enter the carriage, while other times you might find 3-4 or more bikes taking up all the free spaces.
Longer distance commutes are even sketchier and depends on the mood of the conductors. I have boarded multiple times with no problems and in other cases I wasn't allowed to board, or have been told to disembark on the next stop.
With long distance trains, you will definitely be asked to place the bike in the luggage carrier; be sure to lock it up because there have been rumors of theft.
Please take note that in all cases where I asked the station personnel, I was told that bikes *are* allowed. This does NOT guarantee that you will be allowed to board the actual train with your bicycle.
I've taken my bike on trains in:
Ireland - bike placed in baggage car with panniers removed. Special ticket required.
Scotland - easiest (see Photo link). Special ticket required.
Norway - bike placed in baggage car with panniers allowed to remain on. Special ticket required.
Belgium - bike placed in baggage car with panniers removed. Special ticket required.
USA - Indianapolis to Chicago. AMTRAK. Very helpful ticket clerk phoned the actual train conductor and made the arrangement. (No charge)
I have taken our tandem unboxed on trains in New Zealand, Thailand, Vietnam, and Hungary. I have taken it boxed in Australia and the U.S. I have taken a single on trains in Italy, Spain, and the U.S. I have also taken a tandem unboxed on buses in Turkey. Not all trains in these countries will take bikes so you have to make sure that the train that you are planning on taking will carry bikes. I agree with one of the earlier posts that in many countries it is easy to take bikes on buses. In some counties buses are faster than trains. The only problem that I ever had taking a bike on a train was in Vietnam where the bike came on a later train and did not arrive until the next day although we had been told that it would be on the same train that we were on.