Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Looking for some hills
There are a number things you can do on your road bike that will aid your track riding.
Recovery: Use your road bike for recovery rides after track or gym sessions, remember we are not natural cyclists, nature made us to run and throw, so we need to build in adaption
Event specific. If you are riding something like a kilo / sprint you can do specific work on your road bike, practicing standing starts, jumps etc. As has been said use a similar gear and don't forget to pick a flat traffic free stretch of road. Work not just at sprints but try and get someone to time your efforts over anything from 50m to 200m
Endurance. All track riders need to build endurance, Chris Hoy does endurance work and if it's good enough for him it's good enough for the rest of us mere mortals. If you looked at the training plans of international sprinters you would be surprised how much road they actually do. The type of endurance you need to do will tend to be geared towards your specific style/preference/ability of riding. Do more endurance work for the longer endurance type events, but still do it for short 'sprint' events. You need to build recovery between events and road endurance will do this.
Remember in a sprint series it's not necessarily the fastest rider that wins over all, but the rider that can recover between efforts that. Go fast in the first round, great, but if you can't 'back it up' you won;t do well
From your profile I'd say you have the strength, but perhaps not the recovery endurance also in the shorter events technique comes into play, so practice those starts and jumps.
If you favor the shorter type of events such as sprinting watch you opponents and see how they like to ride, then try and force them to do something they don't like, make them lead out if they prefer to follow the wheel and so on. Also talk to the local coaches, some tracks favor leading out in the sprint and some favor following the wheel and coming round in the final banking.
One other thing I'd say from looking at your profile is do some mobility work, having those strong pistons is great, but if they are rusty or slow to get moving the other guy will have the jump on you.
Most of all - have fun