1985 (American Heart Association) / 1987 (National Cancer Institute):
* Choose lean meats and poultry without skin and prepare them without added saturated and trans fat.
* Select fat-free, 1 percent fat, and low-fat dairy products.
* Cut back on foods containing partially hydrogenated vegetable oils to reduce trans fat in your diet.
* Cut back on foods high in dietary cholesterol. Aim to eat less than 300 milligrams of cholesterol each day.
* Cut back on beverages and foods with added sugars.
* Choose and prepare foods with little or no salt. Aim to eat less than 1,500 milligrams of sodium per day. Learn more about limiting sodium.
* If you drink alcohol, drink in moderation. That means one drink per day if you’re a woman and two drinks per day if you’re a man.
* Follow the American Heart Association recommendations when you eat out, and keep an eye on your portion sizes.
* Reduce fat intake to <30% calories, saturated fat to <10% calories, cholesterol to <300 milligrams/day
* Increase fiber to 20-30 g, include breads, cereals, pasta, and starchy vegetables
* Include at least three servings of fruit and three servings of vegetables
* If you drink, do so in moderation
* Limit salt intake