Wide Outside Lanes
...Both motorists and cyclists are happier and more comfortable with one another on roads with wide outside lanes. Wide outside lanes reduce the emotional tension between the parties. Cyclists know that there is sufficient room to overtake them even if opposing traffic appears. ... Alleviating the tension between motorist and cyclist encourages cycling in two ways: it makes motorists less intolerant of cyclists, thus reducing the tendency toward discrimination and bad behavior, and it increases the attractiveness of cycling.
Fewer Wide Lanes versus More Narrow Lanes
...It is true that many cyclists, even those with strong traffic skills, don't like to take a full lane in fast urban motor traffic, even when the law allows them to, and particularly not for long distances. It is one thing to control a lane just at an intersection where all the lanes are narrow, but another thing to do so block after block. Even if the cyclists don't feel endangered, they feel that they are made to feel like villains who are delaying traffic, and the motorists behind them probably think so. If cycling transportation is to be encouraged, then we need to provide wide outside lanes on the major streets, both to prevent motorists from objecting to bicycles on the streets and to make cyclists more comfortable about using the streets that provide the most efficient routes for them.
...Most cyclists are happy to ride on a smooth shoulder unless there is some reason to use one of the main traffic lanes, but few cyclists will ride on a rough shoulder...In other words, a smooth shoulder acts just like a wide lane.
There may be locations in your area that, either by design or by chance, are connected to the external road system by only a few roads so located that there is no through route. ... Therefore there may well be popular support for bicycle-and-pedestrian paths connecting the adjacent but disconnected neighborhoods. This is particularly true where schoolchildren must travel from one neighborhood to another. Examine your area for such neighborhoods. It may well prove that through the provision of several short paths a continuous, low-traffic, pleasant route may be designed that is more desirable for many cyclists because it is either shorter or has less traffic than the motor route.
Recreational bikeways serve two different functions. If properly located and designed, they provide an enjoyable park-like experience, and cycling on them partially develops, or redevelops in adults, the childhood ability to pedal and steer a bicycle. The recreational benefit is self-explanatory and is the rationale for many bike paths in parks or parklike areas. ... Recreational routes should be kept well away from parallel heavy motor traffic because motor traffic degrades the aesthetic experience. ... However, good recreational routes may cross heavily traveled arterial roads if they approach and leave the arterial road quickly.
Zoning for Parking
It is much easier to influence new construction than to change existing facilities....One such change is to change the zoning requirements so that new construction of commercial and industrial buildings and multi-occupant housing must include bicycle parking spaces, and commercial and industrial buildings must include showers and locker rooms for cycling employees.
Whenever the building code requires parking spaces, there should be a requirement for part of that space to be for bicycle parking of one kind or another. At an employment center, cyclists either should be allowed to take their bicycles into their workplaces or offices or the employer should provide parking stalls.