Under this part of 321.1 of the Iowa code on traffic bicycles are not designated as vehicles:
Yet under this part of 321.1 bicycles are designated as traffic:321.1(40)(c) Definitions – Bicycle
c. "Bicycle" means either of the following:
(1) A device having two wheels and having at least one saddle or seat for the use of a rider which is propelled by human power.
(2) A device having two or three wheels with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than seven hundred fifty watts (one horsepower), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden, is less than twenty miles per hour.
321.1 Definitions of words and phrases.(90)(a) Vehicle
Vehicle does not include: a. Any device moved by human power.
Under 321.294 MOTOR vehicles are not to impede traffic:321.1 Definitions – Traffic
84. "Traffic" means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel.
Could it be that the reason bicycles are not designated as vehicles, but as traffic, is because of the code against the impedement of traffic even though in the language for 321.294 it says motor vehicle? If this is the case and the impedement law has to do with motor vehicle traffic only why not designate bicycles as vehicles?321.294 Minimum speed regulation.
A person shall not drive a motor vehicle at such a slow speed as to impede or block the normal and reasonable movement of traffic except when reduced speed is necessary for safe operation or in compliance with law. Peace officers are hereby authorized to enforce this provision by directions to drivers, and in the event of apparent willful disobedience to this provision and refusal to comply with direction of an officer in accordance herewith the continued slow operation by a driver shall be a simple misdemeanor punishable as a scheduled violation under section 805.8A, subsection 8.
I have been trying to figure out where the differances in the Iowa code to determine what specific reason bicycles are not designated as vehicles, though they are defined as traffic. Can anyone offer reasons why?
Before you do I do not accept or buy the answer that it is because the law is discriminatory. For one for something or someone to be discriminated against it or they have to be a protected class and there has to be specific laws against the discrimination of that particular class. Bicycles and cyclists are NOT a protected class.
I may not like the Iowa code as it pertains to bicycles and may disagree with it, but I do not find it discriminatory.
One more thing, Iowa code has nothing pertaining to mandatory side path or bike lane laws. If such laws exist it is at the local city or town level only. Discussion on such laws will not be permitted in this thread as this is discussing the Iowa code, not a local city or town ordinance.
Link to Iowa code: http://www.iowabicyclecoalition.org/node/100