I did an hour plus ride in 20ºF weather today. I have a new bike that I outfitted with 28c Continental Contact tires for commuting. They are rated to 102 psi. I fill them to that limit, roughly. I topped them off when I left home today. I was outside in the cold air when I filled the tires. I brought the bike into my warm office and 15 minutes later the tire blew off the rim with a bang. The tube is totally blown out.
Presumably this occurred because the air warmed and expanded, taking the psi way up beyond the 100 psi I'd put in before leaving. It seems feasible, but is it a known phenomenon?