Go Back  Bike Forums > Bike Forums > Commuting
Reload this Page >

Darkest week of the year

Notices
Commuting Bicycle commuting is easier than you think, before you know it, you'll be hooked. Learn the tips, hints, equipment, safety requirements for safely riding your bike to work.

Darkest week of the year

Old 12-16-19, 06:19 PM
  #1  
davei1980
Very Slow Rider
Thread Starter
 
davei1980's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2017
Location: E Wa
Posts: 1,263

Bikes: Jones Plus LWB, 1983 Centurion Japanese CrMo bike

Mentioned: 11 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 492 Post(s)
Liked 127 Times in 99 Posts
Darkest week of the year

For many of us who are not working that much next week, this week in general and Friday in particular will have the fewest hours of daylight. It's all up from here! I am not much of a holiday guy but THAT's something to celebrate!
davei1980 is offline  
Likes For davei1980:
Old 12-16-19, 07:11 PM
  #2  
rumrunn6
Senior Member
 
rumrunn6's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2008
Location: 25 miles northwest of Boston
Posts: 24,862

Bikes: Bottecchia Sprint, GT Timberline 29r

Mentioned: 103 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 3723 Post(s)
Liked 851 Times in 592 Posts
Re: “this week in general and Friday in particular will have the fewest hours - something to celebrate!”

— yeah lots of ppl do lots of stuff for the summer solstice — so why not!?
rumrunn6 is offline  
Old 12-16-19, 07:17 PM
  #3  
'02 nrs
royaloaker
 
'02 nrs's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2010
Location: se MIch.
Posts: 409

Bikes: 1938 claud butler,1983 Basso,teledyne titan,teocali super,nrs,1993 stumpjumper fsr,Paramountain,Paramount Buell,4 banger,Zaskar LE,Colnago Master Ibex MTB,1987ish,.etc....

Mentioned: 1 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 141 Post(s)
Liked 165 Times in 96 Posts
longer days,

bring on the Summer
'02 nrs is offline  
Old 12-16-19, 08:06 PM
  #4  
blackieoneshot 
Senior Member
 
blackieoneshot's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2008
Location: N Richland Hills TX
Posts: 126

Bikes: 1984 Schwinn Voyager SP, 1984 Lotus Legend Compe, 1989 Bridgestone RB-1, 1973 Monark, 2015 Surly Pacer

Mentioned: 2 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 29 Post(s)
Liked 17 Times in 5 Posts
Commuting on a bike gives me a primal connection to the changing of the seasons. It's an unexpected, but treasured, benefit of traveling by bicycle.
blackieoneshot is offline  
Likes For blackieoneshot:
Old 12-16-19, 10:12 PM
  #5  
Darth Lefty 
Disco Infiltrator
 
Darth Lefty's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2013
Location: Folsom CA
Posts: 11,572

Bikes: Stormchaser, Paramount, Timberjack, Expert TG, Samba tandem

Mentioned: 66 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 2244 Post(s)
Liked 906 Times in 597 Posts
Today was the first time I can think of this year that I have had no encounters with anyone whatsoever on the bike trail portion of my ride
__________________
Genesis 49:16-17
Darth Lefty is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 12:59 AM
  #6  
79pmooney
A Roadie Forever
 
79pmooney's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2014
Location: Portland, OR
Posts: 9,275

Bikes: (2) ti TiCycles, 2007 w/ triple and 2011 fixed, 1979 Peter Mooney, ~1983 Trek 420 now fixed and ~1973 Raleigh Carlton Competition gravel grinder

Mentioned: 102 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 2717 Post(s)
Likes: 0
Liked 1,183 Times in 810 Posts
Every year around mid-November I start counting the days shorter. Yes, this is double the days to solstice but it counts down twice as fast.
79pmooney is offline  
Likes For 79pmooney:
Old 12-17-19, 02:16 AM
  #7  
bpcyclist
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2019
Location: Portland
Posts: 1,115
Mentioned: 10 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 447 Post(s)
Liked 359 Times in 224 Posts
Yes, well, up here where it STILL hasn't really started raining yet, I have a feeling we are going to pay dearly in the coming months. Unless this is all just global warming, in which case our weather is now awesome!
bpcyclist is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 06:45 AM
  #8  
mcours2006
Senior Member
 
mcours2006's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2014
Location: Toronto, CANADA
Posts: 6,030

Bikes: Giant Rapid, Bianchi Advantage, Specialized Roubaix, 1985 Gardin Quatro, Norco Threshold, Raleigh Serengheti MTB

Mentioned: 47 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 1929 Post(s)
Liked 259 Times in 148 Posts
Well, now that things are looking up with the daylight situation, we just need to brace ourselves for the winter to come.
mcours2006 is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 06:46 AM
  #9  
Stadjer
Senior Member
 
Stadjer's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2016
Location: Groningen
Posts: 1,236

Bikes: Gazelle rod brakes, Batavus compact, Peugeot hybrid

Mentioned: 62 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 3363 Post(s)
Liked 348 Times in 257 Posts
Originally Posted by rumrunn6 View Post
Re: “this week in general and Friday in particular will have the fewest hours - something to celebrate!”

— yeah lots of ppl do lots of stuff for the summer solstice — so why not!?
Where do you think Christmas originates from? A lot of pagan festivities were christianized.

We've less than 8 hours of daylight here, often heavily filtered through dark grey clouds so you hardly know the difference. I'm celebrating that the worst is over and it's moving in the right direction again, as I'm sure people in the past without electric light and limited reserves of food and wood did. For me it's just about the mood.
Stadjer is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 08:13 AM
  #10  
Digger Goreman
Quidam Bike Super Hero
 
Digger Goreman's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2019
Location: Decatur, GA (Metro Atlanta, East)
Posts: 961

Bikes: 1995 Trek 800 Sport, aka, "Frankentrek"/"Camel-Trek"

Mentioned: 2 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 272 Post(s)
Liked 303 Times in 211 Posts
Originally Posted by davei1980 View Post
For many of us who are not working that much next week, this week in general and Friday in particular will have the fewest hours of daylight. It's all up from here! I am not much of a holiday guy but THAT's something to celebrate!
It's called The Winter Solstice (in the Northern Hemisphere) and is the middle of winter! It IS about 8 more minutes of sunlight each day through ~ June 21 of next year

It is also my wedding anniversary... shortest day... LONGEST night!
Digger Goreman is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 08:29 AM
  #11  
wipekitty
vespertine member
 
wipekitty's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2013
Location: nowhere, USA
Posts: 2,476

Bikes: Yes

Mentioned: 22 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 686 Post(s)
Liked 211 Times in 160 Posts
If you're a an evening person, the days already got longer

I think it differs a bit geographically, but sometime around December 12-14, the sunset starts getting later. (Sunrise continues to get later until the solstice.)

Granted, this probably isn't helpful if you're an early riser...or if you're so far north that there's no way to avoid two commutes in darkness.
wipekitty is offline  
Likes For wipekitty:
Old 12-17-19, 09:17 AM
  #12  
bpcyclist
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Sep 2019
Location: Portland
Posts: 1,115
Mentioned: 10 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 447 Post(s)
Liked 359 Times in 224 Posts
All I remember growing up here is that it was dark when I left for school and dark when I was coming home--I did not like that very much.
bpcyclist is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 10:15 AM
  #13  
rhm
multimodal commuter
 
rhm's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2006
Location: NJ, NYC, LI
Posts: 19,584

Bikes: 1940s Fothergill, 1959 Allegro Special, 1963? Claud Butler Olympic Sprint, Lambert 'Clubman', 1974 Fuji "the Ace", 1976 Holdsworth 650b conversion rando bike, 1983 Trek 720 tourer, 1984 Counterpoint Opus II, 1993 Basso Gap, 2010 Downtube 8h, and...

Mentioned: 516 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 1767 Post(s)
Liked 267 Times in 180 Posts
Originally Posted by Darth Lefty View Post
Today was the first time I can think of this year that I have had no encounters with anyone whatsoever on the bike trail portion of my ride
Oh, wow! I haven't kept count, but I don't think I've encountered another cyclist on the bike trail more than maybe two dozen times this year.
__________________
www.rhmsaddles.com.
rhm is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 10:22 AM
  #14  
davei1980
Very Slow Rider
Thread Starter
 
davei1980's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2017
Location: E Wa
Posts: 1,263

Bikes: Jones Plus LWB, 1983 Centurion Japanese CrMo bike

Mentioned: 11 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 492 Post(s)
Liked 127 Times in 99 Posts
Originally Posted by Digger Goreman View Post
It's called The Winter Solstice (in the Northern Hemisphere) and is the middle of winter! It IS about 8 more minutes of sunlight each day through ~ June 21 of next year

It is also my wedding anniversary... shortest day... LONGEST night!
Happy anniversary!
davei1980 is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 10:24 AM
  #15  
davei1980
Very Slow Rider
Thread Starter
 
davei1980's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2017
Location: E Wa
Posts: 1,263

Bikes: Jones Plus LWB, 1983 Centurion Japanese CrMo bike

Mentioned: 11 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 492 Post(s)
Liked 127 Times in 99 Posts
Originally Posted by wipekitty View Post
If you're a an evening person, the days already got longer

I think it differs a bit geographically, but sometime around December 12-14, the sunset starts getting later. (Sunrise continues to get later until the solstice.)

Granted, this probably isn't helpful if you're an early riser...or if you're so far north that there's no way to avoid two commutes in darkness.
Interesting info! I don't notice because I am both an early riser and I work late most days. I also estimate I live farther north than 99 percent of all Americans LOL 47.6588° N
davei1980 is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 11:39 AM
  #16  
Stadjer
Senior Member
 
Stadjer's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2016
Location: Groningen
Posts: 1,236

Bikes: Gazelle rod brakes, Batavus compact, Peugeot hybrid

Mentioned: 62 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 3363 Post(s)
Liked 348 Times in 257 Posts
Originally Posted by bpcyclist View Post
All I remember growing up here is that it was dark when I left for school and dark when I was coming home--I did not like that very much.
I did night shifts in this time of year once, at the post service which was very busy with christmas cards. We often went to a bar afterwards for a few drinks but I didn't stay long enough to go home with daylight, when I got out of bed it was dark again. I'm mentally very stable and upbeat, but after two weeks of hardly any daylight, not even through a window, I wasn't doing fine. Not sad, depressed or whatever, still upbeat but extremely indifferent about anything.

So I quit, since then I'm very much more aware of the positive effects of daylight on my mental condition, it's not only good for my mood but also for concentration, energy and initiative. Of course people get together a lot this time of year to compensate lack of light with human warmth and I'm sure that works for at least the mood, but you've got to make that happen.
Stadjer is offline  
Likes For Stadjer:
Old 12-17-19, 01:56 PM
  #17  
Digger Goreman
Quidam Bike Super Hero
 
Digger Goreman's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2019
Location: Decatur, GA (Metro Atlanta, East)
Posts: 961

Bikes: 1995 Trek 800 Sport, aka, "Frankentrek"/"Camel-Trek"

Mentioned: 2 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 272 Post(s)
Liked 303 Times in 211 Posts
Originally Posted by davei1980 View Post
Happy anniversary!
Thanks, Davei1980

It's all her fault that I'm on a bike. Meeting her was one of my better/best risks!
Digger Goreman is offline  
Likes For Digger Goreman:
Old 12-17-19, 02:40 PM
  #18  
davei1980
Very Slow Rider
Thread Starter
 
davei1980's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2017
Location: E Wa
Posts: 1,263

Bikes: Jones Plus LWB, 1983 Centurion Japanese CrMo bike

Mentioned: 11 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 492 Post(s)
Liked 127 Times in 99 Posts
Originally Posted by stadjer View Post
i did night shifts in this time of year once, at the post service which was very busy with christmas cards. We often went to a bar afterwards for a few drinks but i didn't stay long enough to go home with daylight, when i got out of bed it was dark again. I'm mentally very stable and upbeat, but after two weeks of hardly any daylight, not even through a window, i wasn't doing fine. Not sad, depressed or whatever, still upbeat but extremely indifferent about anything.

So i quit, since then i'm very much more aware of the positive effects of daylight on my mental condition, it's not only good for my mood but also for concentration, energy and initiative. Of course people get together a lot this time of year to compensate lack of light with human warmth and i'm sure that works for at least the mood, but you've got to make that happen.
^ 100%
davei1980 is offline  
Old 12-17-19, 04:19 PM
  #19  
Jim from Boston
Senior Member
 
Jim from Boston's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2008
Posts: 7,384
Mentioned: 48 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 800 Post(s)
Liked 207 Times in 162 Posts
Darkest week of the year.
Originally Posted by blackieoneshot View Post
Commuting on a bike gives me a primal connection to the changing of the seasons. It's an unexpected, but treasured, benefit of traveling by bicycle.
Originally Posted by mcours2006 View Post
Well, now that things are looking up with the daylight situation, we just need to brace ourselves for the winter to come.
Originally Posted by Jim from Boston View Post
"It must be winter again"

… As a year-round urban/suburban commuter, I must say that the neighborhood Christmas lights make the commute so much more delightful, than the dreary months of January through March to follow.
I have previously posted about partitioning the Winter to endure:
Originally Posted by tjspiel View Post
Winter is long enough here [in Minneapolis] that I mentally break it into segments.

1. Late November through December

2. January

3. February to Mid March

4. Mid March ->

January gets it's own segment because it can be so brutally cold and I mostly ride in the dark. By February I'm starting to get some daylight on both ends of the commute and though we can get really cold weather in February too, the temps tend to moderate and the side roads start to thaw.
Originally Posted by Jim from Boston View Post
... It seems that sometime in early February though, I start to notice some welcome radiant heat from the sun.
Usually by Mid March (or not long after) we've had at least one extended thaw where a lot of the snow melts. We may get major snow storms and cold weather after that but those come in between warmer stretches.

April is often a mixed bag. 70 or 80 one week, then snow the next but it's possible it won't snow at all..
Originally Posted by Jim from Boston View Post
The above is a pretty good description of the winter progression here in Boston, though the temperatures and snowfall are less brutal than in Minneapolis.

I would add that the Christmas lights of late November through December along with the slightly higher temperatures, and some residual training effect from summer and fall make that segment enjoyable. The quick disappearance of Holiday lights in January further exacerbates the gloom.

Visits to Virginia and South Carolina in March and April have convinced me that Spring in Boston is about one month behind the South, particularly for an early morning commuter.
Originally Posted by Jim from Boston View Post
I dont’t think of a cycling season, but rather a cycling year with a cycle of seasons.…Not to sound religious, but I like to think of Ash Wednesday as my “New Cycling Year’s Day.”

It occurs usually still well into the Winter and I use that forty-day period of Lent as a marker to define a tolerable length of time to go into a rigorous dietary and training mode to shake off the winter blahs, even though I ride during the Winter anyways.

By Easter, Spring is making itself known and I’m particularly ready for it.
Jim from Boston is offline  
Old 12-18-19, 02:05 PM
  #20  
tjspiel
Senior Member
 
tjspiel's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jun 2007
Location: Minneapolis
Posts: 8,097
Mentioned: 5 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 52 Post(s)
Likes: 0
Liked 4 Times in 3 Posts
Originally Posted by Jim from Boston View Post
Darkest week of the year. I have previously posted about partitioning the Winter to endure:
I rarely post here anymore but I still get notified when I'm quoted, - even if the post was from several years ago.

Regardless, this time of year, the short days are definitely on my mind during my bike commutes. And I still approach Winter in the same way. I think of it in distinct chunks.

December with the Holidays, goes fast
January can be a slog
February evening commutes start to get bright again about mid-month, even if the weather doesn't change. That's huge.

This year more than in the past I've been aware that I'm not going to be doing this forever. I've entered my last decade of regular bike commutes. The office is negotiating a 10 year lease with the building which means there's a good chance my commute won't change much before I retire. That's a good thing. I can work from home more often now. A few years ago I might try and cycle through a big snowstorm. Not so much anymore. A couple of fresh inches is fine. Beyond that I'm staying home or walking to the train. Still bike in extreme cold. Would rather do that than walk to the train.

Funny, I just noticed my avatar is from a triathlon I did over a decade ago. Time flies ! Still have that bike and still commute with it now and then.
tjspiel is offline  
Likes For tjspiel:
Old 12-18-19, 03:09 PM
  #21  
noglider 
aka Tom Reingold
 
noglider's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: High Falls, NY, USA
Posts: 39,713

Bikes: 1962 Rudge Sports, 1971 Raleigh Super Course, 1971 Raleigh Pro Track, 1974 Raleigh International, 1975 Viscount Fixie, 1982 McLean, 1996 Lemond (Ti), 2002 Burley Zydeco tandem

Mentioned: 482 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 6776 Post(s)
Liked 1,375 Times in 883 Posts
Thanks for trying to cheer me up, but it didn't work. The day when daylight hours start increasing is the first day of winter, so it means colder weather and lots of it. I'm holding up well to low temperatures, so my big concern is precipitation that leaves the surface too slick to ride safely. By the time February rolls around, I start to notice the longer days, I'm fully sick of winter but it won't be ending soon.

Still, I find that a bad day on the bike is better than a day off the bike, so I keep riding whenever possible. It was above freezing today, but it felt damned cold because the wind is strong. I just spoke to my wife, and she said she rode from Times Square back home (about 2-1/2 miles) on Citi Bike, and she rode along the windy river. Brava to her, especially she's the type to get cold easily.
__________________
Tom Reingold, tom@noglider.com
New York City and High Falls, NY
Blogs: The Experienced Cyclist; noglider's ride blog

“When man invented the bicycle he reached the peak of his attainments.” — Elizabeth West, US author

Please email me rather than PM'ing me. Thanks.
noglider is offline  
Likes For noglider:
Old 12-18-19, 04:45 PM
  #22  
davei1980
Very Slow Rider
Thread Starter
 
davei1980's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2017
Location: E Wa
Posts: 1,263

Bikes: Jones Plus LWB, 1983 Centurion Japanese CrMo bike

Mentioned: 11 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 492 Post(s)
Liked 127 Times in 99 Posts
Originally Posted by noglider View Post
Thanks for trying to cheer me up, but it didn't work. The day when daylight hours start increasing is the first day of winter, so it means colder weather and lots of it. I'm holding up well to low temperatures, so my big concern is precipitation that leaves the surface too slick to ride safely. By the time February rolls around, I start to notice the longer days, I'm fully sick of winter but it won't be ending soon.

Still, I find that a bad day on the bike is better than a day off the bike, so I keep riding whenever possible. It was above freezing today, but it felt damned cold because the wind is strong. I just spoke to my wife, and she said she rode from Times Square back home (about 2-1/2 miles) on Citi Bike, and she rode along the windy river. Brava to her, especially she's the type to get cold easily.
You're welcome

Some people say stuff like "You are complaining about 25F? it's -10 here!" but really, anything under 40 can feel REALLY cold and uncomfortable, especially depending on the conditions.

I rode to work today when it was 28F and felt great compared to one ride home last week when it was PISSING rain and 40F.

I have good clothes (lined leggings, good jacket, gloves, bar mitts, bib) to keep me warm and it doesn't bother me TOO much except the extra time it takes me to prepare at both ends.

Sounds like you and your wife are riding mostly in plain clothes, which would be a challenge for sure!

Last edited by davei1980; 12-18-19 at 04:59 PM.
davei1980 is offline  
Old 12-18-19, 08:12 PM
  #23  
noglider 
aka Tom Reingold
 
noglider's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2009
Location: High Falls, NY, USA
Posts: 39,713

Bikes: 1962 Rudge Sports, 1971 Raleigh Super Course, 1971 Raleigh Pro Track, 1974 Raleigh International, 1975 Viscount Fixie, 1982 McLean, 1996 Lemond (Ti), 2002 Burley Zydeco tandem

Mentioned: 482 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 6776 Post(s)
Liked 1,375 Times in 883 Posts
Plain clothes aren't much of a challenge in winter. It's really tricky in summer for me because it's hard to wear the same clothes to be comfortable and efficient on the bike but I want to be presentable after arriving.

After tonight's rehearsal, I found snow on my bike! It gave me a chuckle because I assumed the 1/4" film was going to be the end of the story. The streets barely had a dusting. But as my ride home progressed, the snow became heavy, and I took a route through midtown streets rather than the river path, so it was tricky. Interestingly, though I encountered hundreds of vehicles tonight, no one did anything boneheaded. I was pretty shaken up to see the news that, this morning, the 29th cyclist had been killed this calendar year. The pedestrian and cyclist deaths have spiked this year, despite efforts in the city to reduce or eliminate them. There's a lot of bad driving going on. Recent years are the only period -- ever -- when overall road safety has worsened, and it's all because of worsening driving.

Anyway, I was careful enough not to slip, and no one threatened my life, so I ended up enjoying the ride. I'm really faring better than I do in some other winters, so there is lots of reason for gratitude.
__________________
Tom Reingold, tom@noglider.com
New York City and High Falls, NY
Blogs: The Experienced Cyclist; noglider's ride blog

“When man invented the bicycle he reached the peak of his attainments.” — Elizabeth West, US author

Please email me rather than PM'ing me. Thanks.
noglider is offline  
Likes For noglider:
Old 12-23-19, 12:36 PM
  #24  
rumrunn6
Senior Member
 
rumrunn6's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2008
Location: 25 miles northwest of Boston
Posts: 24,862

Bikes: Bottecchia Sprint, GT Timberline 29r

Mentioned: 103 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 3723 Post(s)
Liked 851 Times in 592 Posts
the extra daylight in the afternoon & morning may be minuscule, but I swear I can tell!
rumrunn6 is offline  
Likes For rumrunn6:
Old 12-24-19, 11:17 AM
  #25  
Daniel4
Senior Member
 
Join Date: Jul 2013
Location: Toronto
Posts: 2,458

Bikes: Sekini 1979 ten speed racer

Mentioned: 15 Post(s)
Tagged: 0 Thread(s)
Quoted: 932 Post(s)
Liked 155 Times in 110 Posts
Maybe we should have DST in the winter too so the sun won't set so early.

DST is already eight months of the year. Why not all of the year?
Daniel4 is offline  

Thread Tools
Search this Thread

Contact Us - Archive - Advertising - Cookie Policy - Privacy Statement - Terms of Service - Do Not Sell My Personal Information -

Copyright © 2021 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. All rights reserved. Use of this site indicates your consent to the Terms of Use.