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Old 08-24-05, 10:45 AM   #1
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Bikes help fight obesity in Oregon? (CNN)

Interesting article, though at the end they note that Oregon's population is 59% "obese" or "overweight," so not everything's entirely rosy. But Portland may be slightly exceptional to the entire state of Oregon.

CNN: Bikes help Oregon check obesity
Originally Posted by CNN
State is only one in U.S. to not increase rate of obesity

PORTLAND, Oregon (AP) -- To shed the pounds that crept around her waistline, Linda Ginenthal began riding her bike to work -- an easy 3 1/2-mile trip.

It's not a marathon, nor is it a grueling hike. Yet diet experts say it's the kind of daily activity that could hold the secret to why Oregon is the only state in the nation where the obesity rate did not increase in the past year.

According to a study released Tuesday by the Washington, D.C.-based Trust for America's Health, the percentage of overweight Oregonians held steady at 21 percent last year, a sharp contrast to Alabama, where the rate of obesity increased 1.5 percentage points to 27.7 percent.

What makes Oregon different is its emphasis on urban design, which encourages outdoor activities like biking to work, the study's authors said.

Ten percent of Portland residents pedal to the office on a system of bike paths that crisscross the city like arteries, just as they do in Boulder, Colorado -- another bike-friendly metropolis, located in the leanest state in the nation. Only 16.4 percent of Coloradans are obese, according to the study.

"The solution to obesity is not that everyone should run a marathon," said Michael Earls, co-author of the study. "It's the little things that begin to make a dent in the problem, like taking the stairs instead of the elevator or riding your bike to work."

If a city or town is built in such a way that it forces residents to drive long distances, instead of walking or cycling, then physical activity becomes something that has to be planned rather than an activity which can be woven into the fabric of everyday life, he said.

Obesity expert Tom Farley, the author of "Prescription for a Healthy Nation," said research in the field has moved away from the notion of personal responsibility to the idea of creating environments that foster healthy living.

"Physical activity has been engineered out of our world," he said. "It should be natural and normal to be physically active, instead of having to go to the gym."

For Ginenthal, Portland's layout has made it convenient for her to ride to work following a familiar path of arching trees. Moreover, her employer, the City of Portland, provides financial incentives, such as a $25 bonus each month for riding her bike to work at least 80 percent of the time.

"It means I get 45 minutes of activity every single day without even thinking about it," said Ginenthal, who dropped 25 pounds since she began riding to work in the 1990s.

Another factor that might explain Oregon's stagnant obesity rate is healthier eating. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the number of farms in Oregon increased by about 50 percent from 1974 to 2002, a period when many farms across the country were going up on the auction block.

As a result, Oregon's cities have seen a mushrooming of farmer's markets -- "from just one tiny Saturday market tucked away in a corner of Portland, to one for practically every day of the week," said organic farmer Shari Raider, who delivers a bounty of fresh greens to area restaurants.

The study, however, has its critics, including state epidemiologist Melvin Kohn, who said that while the findings look impressive on paper, nearly 59 percent of adult Oregonians are classified as either "obese" or "overweight."

"That's almost two-thirds of Oregonians," said Kohn. "I don't think we can rest on our laurels and say we don't have a problem."

And others say that the study -- which compared two three-year intervals, 2001 through 2003 and 2002 through 2004 -- is not long enough to be significant.

"Why would Washington state be that different from Oregon?" said obesity surgeon Peter LePort, the medical director of the Center for Obesity in Fountain Valley, Calif. "The fact that it didn't increase over one period could be a statistical fluke."

The obesity rate in neighboring Washington is 21.7 percent, up 1 percentage point, according to the survey.
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Old 08-24-05, 10:49 AM   #2
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i think i'm becoming addicted to my daily ride the way others are addicted to junk food.

i drove today for a Dr. appointment, and staff outing (first time driving to work in months). it's almost 11am and still don't feel as awake and alert as my morning ride makes me.
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Old 08-24-05, 10:49 AM   #3
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Spend a week in Oregon and you'll see why. We're outside do something all the time here. Rain or shine, we don't care, just don't lock us inside.
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Old 08-24-05, 11:05 AM   #4
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James- get used to it. I have to ride almost every day or my mental state goes down the crapper. It just makes me realize how I am when I'm not exercising regularly. Just think about all the poor saps that don't know that there is a difference.
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Old 08-24-05, 11:13 AM   #5
Sprint the hills!
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Originally Posted by BeTheChange
Just think about all the poor saps that don't know that there is a difference.
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Old 08-24-05, 12:02 PM   #6
It's full of stars...
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That's a great article. Kills my theory that it's just all the meth addicts dragging down the average weight. It seems I rarely see anyone in good shape now days that's over the age of 16. I just see all the tweekers bouncing in between the obese.

On a positive note: Between changing my eating habits, biking a ton more and a little gym time I've dropped 10 lbs this summer alone.
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Old 09-08-05, 05:51 AM   #7
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I'm in Oregon and I see a LOT of fat people around here.
I ride to live.
If I couldn't ride I'd be over weight, too. As it is I'm 20lbs over my BMI, but I think BMI is BS.
I feel good at this weight. 10 miles a day on my bike really helps me feel good. Some hard core riders would tell you 10 miles is nothing, but it's enough for me.
I asked a friend out for ice cream the other day. He said he had been going to the gym so he couldn't eat ice cream. I said I ride my bike so I CAN eat ice cream. It's all about how you look at it.
Ask yourself this question; "Do I want to loose weight, or do I want to be fit?"
One's a diet issue, one's a lifestyle issue.
...but maybe that's just me.
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Old 09-08-05, 04:20 PM   #8
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Here in the UK, we're following the US again - this time with obesity... The rapid rate of increase in obesity in this country is worrying quite a lot of people, we're the worst in Europe. Interestingly, did you know that we consume far LESS calories than we used to, even just 30 years ago.

The problem isn't really rooted in the fact that we eat too much fatty food, it's that we just aren't as active. However, we can fix it either way (ideally both ways) - move more or eat less. I'd rather cycle more!

Cycling is one of the government's key ideas to tackle it. In our govenment's recent report on obesity, they concluded:
If the Government were to achieve its target of trebling cycling in the period 2000-2010 that might achieve more in the fight against obesity than any individual measure we recommend within this report.
This is a fantastic double graph:
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