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Journal articles

Old 12-30-14, 07:26 PM
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Journal articles

Topic for interesting journal articles.

20+ papers to start - Appendix 3 - Resources and research papers ? Up! Up! Up! An introduction to track sprint cycling

Aerodynamics

Streamlining the time trial apparel of cyclists: the Nike Swift Spin project - Brownlie - 2009 - Sports Technology - Wiley Online Library

Aerodynamics of Track Cycling by By Lindsey Underwood https://ir.canterbury.ac.nz/bitstream...s_fulltext.pdf
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Old 12-30-14, 07:33 PM
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Another aero article

Drag reduction and aerodynamic performances in Olympic sports - Luca Oggiano

P6: Aerodynamic optimization and energy saving of cycling postures for international elite level cyclists - https://ntnu.diva-portal.org/smash/ge...FULLTEXT01.pdf
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Old 12-30-14, 07:50 PM
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Time Trial Positions in Triathlon, Road and Track Cycling - Differences and Similarities - Sergej Schäfer https://ntnu.diva-portal.org/smash//g...FULLTEXT01.pdf

Last edited by Dalai; 01-01-15 at 10:41 PM.
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Old 12-30-14, 10:07 PM
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Thanks for starting this thread.
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Old 12-31-14, 01:51 AM
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Peak power output, the lactate threshold. and time trial performance in cyclists:


https://www.researchgate.net/publicat...ce1d000000.pdf

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peakpowerabstract.jpg (99.1 KB, 181 views)

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Old 12-31-14, 01:59 AM
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Another interesting one:

https://www.google.co.za/url?sa=t&rc...f-yu4GFfvb3v8g

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Old 01-01-15, 07:32 PM
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Thanks Velocirapture. Keep them coming!

Does pre-exercise static stretching inhibit maximal muscular performance? A meta-analytical review.
L. Simic1, N. Sarabon2, G. Markovic1
Scand J Med Sci Sports 2013: 23: 131–148

Full text

https://www.researchgate.net/publicat...4ef2000000.pdf

ABSTRACT

We applied a meta-analytical approach to derive a robust estimate of the acute effects of pre-exercise static stretching (SS) on strength, power, and explosive muscular performance. A computerized search of articles published between 1966 and December 2010 was performed using PubMed, SCOPUS, and Web of Science databases. A total of 104 studies yielding 61 data points for strength, 12 data points for power, and 57 data points for explosive performance met our inclusion criteria. The pooled estimate of the acute effects of SS on strength, power, and explosive performance, expressed in standardized units as well as in percentages, were -0.10 [95% confidence interval (CI): -0.15 to -0.04], -0.04 (95% CI: -0.16 to 0.08), and -0.03 (95% CI: -0.07 to 0.01), or -5.4% (95% CI: -6.6% to -4.2%), -1.9% (95% CI: -4.0% to 0.2%), and -2.0% (95% CI: -2.8% to -1.3%). These effects were not related to subject's age, gender, or fitness level; however, they were more pronounced in isometric vs dynamic tests, and were related to the total duration of stretch, with the smallest negative acute effects being observed with stretch duration of ≤45 s. We conclude that the usage of SS as the sole activity during warm-up routine should generally be avoided.
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Old 01-01-15, 09:39 PM
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Originally Posted by Dalai
Time Trial Positions in Triathlon, Road and Track Cycling - Differences and Similarities - Sergej Schäfer https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get...FULLTEXT01.pdf
I can't seem to download this one. I'm getting a timeout error.
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Old 01-01-15, 10:43 PM
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Try this one... https://ntnu.diva-portal.org/smash//g...FULLTEXT01.pdf

I have updated the link in my original post.
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Old 01-01-15, 11:45 PM
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Originally Posted by Dalai
Try this one... https://ntnu.diva-portal.org/smash//g...FULLTEXT01.pdf

I have updated the link in my original post.
Thanks!
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Old 01-15-15, 05:27 AM
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Effects of a Seven Day Overload-Period of High-Intensity Training on Performance and Physiology of Competitive Cyclists

Bradley Clark1, Vitor P. Costa2, Brendan J. O’Brien1, Luiz G. Guglielmo2, Carl D. Paton3*
1. School of Health Science, Federation University, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, 2. Physical Effort Laboratory,
Federal University of Santa Catarina, Floriano´ polis, Brazil, 3. Faculty of Health and Sport Science, The
Eastern Institute of Technology, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand

Objectives

Competitive endurance athletes commonly undertake periods of overload training in the weeks prior to major competitions. This investigation examined the effects of two seven-day high-intensity overload training regimes (HIT) on performance and physiological characteristics of competitive cyclists.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/arti...ne.0115308.pdf
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Old 01-15-15, 01:24 PM
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Thanks for sharing this one. Very interesting.
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Old 01-19-15, 04:59 AM
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Power Athletes and Distance Training

Physiological and Biomechanical Rationale for Change

Marcus C.C.W. Elliott,1 Phillip P. Wagner1 and Loren Chiu2
Sports Med 2007; 37 (1): 47-57

https://upupup.aboc.com.au/the-book/a..._download/file

4. Conclusions

Sustained aerobic training, at even low frequencies and volumes, has been shown to clearly interfere with strength and power development, as well as contribute to risk of overtraining and an ineffective motor learning environment.
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Old 07-24-15, 07:02 AM
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Cyclists’ Improvement of Pedaling Efficacy and Performance After Heavy Strength Training - Ernst A. Hansen, Bent R. Rønnestad, Geir Vegge, and Truls Raastad 2012

https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstre...pdf?sequence=1

In conclusion, adding heavy strength training to usual endurance training in well-trained cyclists improves pedaling efficacy during 5-min all-out cycling performed after 185 min of cycling.
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Old 07-24-15, 07:37 AM
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but who's got time for those first 185 minutes?
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Old 07-24-15, 07:04 PM
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I do.

Two things I take from this study.

1. Goes some way to dispel the myth that enduros don't benefit from weights.
2. If the benefit are there after 185 minutes, I would think the benefits are even greater after shorter durations.
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Old 07-24-15, 09:48 PM
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Did they do anything to normalize the training loads, or just add weights on top of what the control group did? If they added on, there's nothing to say that additional time/training stress being used on the bike wouldn't have improved performance more.

From an enduro who lifts weights, I doubt that argument will ever be settled. People succeed both ways, so it's pretty clearly not a first order effect.
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Old 08-05-15, 08:17 AM
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Originally Posted by Dalai
In conclusion, adding heavy strength training to usual endurance training in well-trained cyclists improves pedaling efficacy during 5-min all-out cycling performed after 185 min of cycling.
Thanks for posting. I'm reading the article now. I'm definitely going to be doing a lot of gym work this winter, no matter what.

One thing that bugs me - Experimental group was ten men, control group was six men, two women. Why not break it up into two groups of 8/1? Isn't the whole point of a control group to have an otherwise identical sample that you can compare against? Having all the women in one group seems like a bit of an apples/oranges comparison.
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Old 08-14-15, 08:23 AM
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Cold water immersion may not be good after strength training workouts. I've seen clips online before of doctors talking similarly, but this looks to be a pretty comprehensive study.

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/1.../JP270570/full
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