You must wear a bike helmet if you are under the age of 18 [HTA 104]. The helmet has to be on your head and the clip must be attached. Helmets are highly recommended for adults, they save lives. $75 fine.
If you ride between 30 minutes after sunset and 30 minutes before sunrise, you need to have a white light (not just a reflector) on the front of your bike, and a red light on the back of your bike [HTA 62]. Technically, a light mounted on the body does not count. $35 fine.
*Adults are 4x more likely to be involved in a fatal collision at night than during the day.
All bicycles need a bell or horn attached to the bike [HTA 75 (5)]. The idea is to maintain courtesy, such as with pedestrians, and they only cost a few bucks. $105 fine.
*We’ve seen this one a lot and whistles and shouting don’t count.
All bicycles must have brakes, at least on the rear wheel. $105 fine.
All bicycles need reflective tape on the stays and forks, white and the front, and red at the back [HTA 62 (17)]. The tape must be at least 2.5cm wide and 25cm long, although this is impossible on many bikes. This is a funny one and the only place we have ever seen compliance is on the police bike fleet… go figure!